Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Patrones de prescripción de antidepresivos en pacientes afiliados al Sistema General de Seguridad Social en Salud de Colombia Antidepressant prescription patterns in patients affiliated with the General Social Security Health System of Colombia

By Jorge E Machado-Alba, Cristhian David Morales Plaza and Mónica Johanna Solarte Gómez

Abstract

OBJETIVO: Determinar los patrones de prescripción de medicamentos antidepresivos en un grupo de afiliados al Sistema General de Seguridad Social en Salud de Colombia. MÉTODOS: Estudio descriptivo observacional con 9 881 pacientes medicados con antidepresivos, de ambos sexos, mayores de 5 años, con tratamiento continuo de agosto a octubre de 2009 y residentes en 56 ciudades colombianas. Se diseñó una base de datos sobre consumo de medicamentos, obtenidos por la empresa que distribuye los medicamentos a los pacientes. RESULTADOS: Edad promedio de 59,1 ± 16,1 años; 73,7% de los participantes fueron mujeres. Del total de pacientes, 83,3% recibían monoterapia y 16,7% dos o más antidepresivos. El orden de prescripción de los medicamentos fue: inhibidores selectivos de la recaptación de serotonina 47,0%, atípicos 37,8%, tricíclicos 31,8%, inhibidores selectivos de la recaptación de serotonina y norepinefrina 1,8% e inhibidores selectivos de la recaptación de norepinefrina 0,03%. Las combinaciones más empleadas fueron fluoxetina + trazodona (n = 1 029), amitriptilina + fluoxetina (n= 265), amitriptilina + trazodona (n = 122), fluoxetina + imipramina (n = 106) e imipramina + trazodona (n = 71). Las comedicaciones más prescritas fueron antihipertensivos (52,3%), hormona tiroidea (23,3%), antiinflamatorios (19,6%), antiepilépticos (15,4%), antidiabéticos (13,8%), ansiolíticos e hipnóticos (12,4%), antipsicóticos (7,4%), antiparkinsonianos (4,3%) y antineoplásicos (2,2%). CONCLUSIONES: Predominan hábitos de prescripción de medicamentos de alto valor terapéutico, principalmente en monoterapia antidepresiva. La mayoría de los antidepresivos se emplean en dosis menores que las recomendadas. Se plantea la necesidad de diseñar estrategias educativas para corregir algunos hábitos de prescripción e investigaciones que evalúen la efectividad del tratamiento<br>OBJECTIVE: Determine patterns of antidepressive drug prescription in a group of patients affiliated with the General Social Security Health System in Colombia. METHODS: Observational descriptive study of 9 881 patients, of both sexes and older than 5 years of age, medicated with antidepressants and continuously treated from August to October 2009. The patients include residents from 56 Colombian cities. A database was designed based on the consumption of medicines obtained from the company that distributes them to the patients. RESULTS: The average age was 59.1 ± 16.1 years; 73.7% of the participants were women. Of the total number of patients, 83.3% were treated with monotherapy and 16.7% with two or more antidepressants. The order of the prescription of the medicines was: selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, 47.0%; atypical, 37.8%; tricyclical, 31.8%; selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and norepinephrine, 1.8%; and selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, 0.03%. The combinations most used were fluoxetine + trazodone (n = 1 029); amitriptyline + fluoxetine (n = 265); amitriptyline + trazodone (n = 122); fluoxetine + imipramine (n = 106); and imipramine + trazodone (n = 71). The most prescribed co-medications were anti-hypertensives (52.3%); thyroid hormones (23.3%); anti-inflammatories (19.6%); anti-epileptics (15.4%); anti-diabetics (13.8%); anti-anxiety and hypnotics (12.4%); antipsychotics (7.4%); anti-Parkinsons (4.3%); and anti-neoplastics (2.2%). CONCLUSIONS: The practice of prescribing medicines with a high therapeutic value predominates, mainly for antidepressive monotherapy. Most of the antidepressants are prescribed at dosages lower than those recommended. There is a need to design educational strategies to correct some prescription practices and to conduct researc

Topics: Trastorno depresivo, agentes antidepresivos, prescripciones de medicamentos, amitriptilina, fluoxetina, imipramina, trazodona, Colombia, Depressive disorder, antidepressive agents, drug prescriptions, amitriptyline, fluoxetine, imipramine, trazodone, Colombia, LCC:Public aspects of medicine, LCC:RA1-1270, LCC:Medicine, LCC:R, DOAJ:Public Health, DOAJ:Health Sciences
Publisher: Organización Panamericana de la Salud
Year: 2011
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:dab3c868d66142ae9ea9a2babbadf64c
Journal:
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • http://doaj.org/search?source=... (external link)
  • Suggested articles


    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.