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Antecedents and consequences ofacculturation preferences of non-indigenous Chileans in relation to an indigenous minority: Longitudinal survey evidence

By Hanna Zagefka, Rupert Brown and Roberto González


Two longitudinal survey studies were conducted with non-indigenous majority Chilean participants (Ns =755 cross-sectional, 198 longitudinal in study 1; 390 cross-sectional, 333 longitudinal in study 2). In contrast to most previous research, the longitudinal design allowed to test directly the hypothesised causal direction of effects. There were two broad research questions. Firstly, what is the relationship between acculturation preferences of non-indigenous majority members and negative affect towards the indigenous Mapuche? More specifically, does a preference for integration lead to less negative affect than a preference for assimilation, separation or marginalisation? Related to this, do the dimensions of culture maintenance and contact taken singly predict negative affect and/or vice versa? Secondly, does knowledge about the Mapuche causally and indirectly influence acculturation preferences, partially mediated by sympathy with the Mapuche? Results confirmed that knowledge influenced acculturation preferences, and that sympathy was a partial mediator. Acculturation preferences, in turn, influenced negative affect. The contact dimension underlying the categorical acculturation strategies was a predictor of outcomes, while the culture maintenance dimension was not. Implications of the findings are discussed

Year: 2009
DOI identifier: 10.1002/ejsp.550
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