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Quantum state-resolved probing of strong-field-ionized xenon atoms using femtosecond high-order harmonic transient absorption spectroscopy

By Zhi-Heng Loh, Munira Khalil, Raoul E. Correa, Robin Santra, Christian Buth and Stephen R. Leone


Femtosecond high-order harmonic transient absorption spectroscopy is used to resolve the complete |j,m> quantum state distribution of Xe+ produced by optical strong-field ionization of Xe atoms at 800nm. Probing at the Xe N_4/5 edge yields a population distribution rho_j,|m| of rho_3/2,1/2 : rho_1/2,1/2 : rho_3/2,3/2 = 75 +- 6 : 12 +- 3 : 13 +- 6 %. The result is compared to a tunnel ionization calculation with the inclusion of spin-orbit coupling, revealing nonadiabatic ionization behavior. The sub-50-fs time resolution paves the way for table-top extreme ultraviolet absorption probing of ultrafast dynamics.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures, 1 table, RevTeX4, corrected typoe

Topics: Physics - Atomic Physics
Publisher: 'American Physical Society (APS)'
Year: 2007
DOI identifier: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.143601
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