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Shell-model Hamiltonians from Density Functional Theory

By Y. Alhassid, G. F. Bertsch, L. Fang and B. Sabbey

Abstract

The density functional theory of nuclear structure provides a many-particle wave function that is useful for static properties, but an extension of the theory is necessary to describe correlation effects or other dynamic properties. Here we propose a procedure to extend the theory by mapping the properties of the self-consistent mean-field Hamiltonian onto an effective shell-model Hamiltonian with two-body interactions. In this initial study, we consider the sd-shell nuclei Ne-20, Mg-24, Si-28, and Ar-36. Our first application is in the framework of the USD shell-model Hamiltonian, using its mean-field approximation to construct an effective Hamiltonian and partially recover correlation effects. We find that more than half of the correlation energy is due to the quadrupole interaction. We then follow a similar procedure but using the SLy4 Skyrme energy functional as our starting point and truncating the space to the spherical $sd$ shell. The constructed shell-model Hamiltonian is found to satisfy minimal consistency requirements to reproduce the properties of the mean-field solution. The quadrupolar correlation energies computed with the mapped Hamiltonian are reasonable compared with those computed by other methods.Comment: 14 pages and 10 figure

Topics: Nuclear Theory, Condensed Matter - Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics
Publisher: 'American Physical Society (APS)'
Year: 2005
DOI identifier: 10.1103/PhysRevC.74.034301
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:nucl-th/0512031

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