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Thermally-induced expansion in the 8 GeV/c $\pi^-$ + $^{197}$Au reaction

By T. Lefort, L. Beaulieu, A. Botvina, D. Durand, K. Kwiatkowski, W. -c. Hsi, L. Pienkowski, B. Back, H. Breuer, S. Gushue, R. G. Korteling, R. Laforest E. Martin, E. Ramakrishnan, L. P. Remsberg, D. Rowland, A. Ruangma, V. E. Viola, E. Winchester and S. J. Yennello

Abstract

Fragment kinetic energy spectra for reactions induced by 8.0 GeV/c $\rm{\pi^-}$ beams incident on a $\rm{^{197}}$Au target have been analyzed in order to deduce the possible existence and influence of thermal expansion. The average fragment kinetic energies are observed to increase systematically with fragment charge but are nearly independent of excitation energy. Comparison of the data with statistical multifragmentation models indicates the onset of extra collective thermal expansion near an excitation energy of E*/A $\rm{\approx}$ 5 MeV. However, this effect is weak relative to the radial expansion observed in heavy-ion-induced reactions, consistent with the interpretation that the latter expansion may be driven primarily by dynamical effects such as compression/decompression.Comment: 12 pages including 4 postscript figure

Topics: Nuclear Experiment
Publisher: 'American Physical Society (APS)'
Year: 1999
DOI identifier: 10.1103/PhysRevC.62.031604
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:nucl-ex/9910017

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