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Coherent molecule formation in anharmonic potentials near confinement-induced resonances

By S. Sala, G. Zürn, T. Lompe, A. N. Wenz, S. Murmann, F. Serwane, S. Jochim and A. Saenz


We perform a theoretical and experimental study of a system of two ultracold atoms with tunable interaction in an elongated trapping potential. We show that the coupling of center-of-mass and relative motion due to an anharmonicity of the trapping potential leads to a coherent coupling of a state of an unbound atom pair and a molecule with a center of mass excitation. By performing the experiment with exactly two particles we exclude three-body losses and can therefore directly observe coherent molecule formation. We find quantitative agreement between our theory of inelastic confinement-induced resonances and the experimental results. This shows that the effects of center-of-mass to relative motion coupling can have a significant impact on the physics of quasi-1D quantum systems.Comment: 7 pages, 4 figure

Topics: Condensed Matter - Quantum Gases
Publisher: 'American Physical Society (APS)'
Year: 2013
DOI identifier: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.203202
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