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Photoconductively loaded plasmonic nanoantenna as building block for ultracompact optical switches

By Nicolas Large, Martina Abb, Javier Aizpurua and Otto L. Muskens

Abstract

We propose and explore theoretically a new concept of ultrafast optical switches based on nonlinear plasmonic nanoantennas. The antenna nanoswitch operates on the transition from the capacitive to conductive coupling regimes between two closely spaced metal nanorods. By filling the antenna gap with amorphous silicon, progressive antenna-gap loading is achieved due to variations in the free-carrier density in the semiconductor. Strong modification of the antenna response is observed both in the far-field response and in the local near-field intensity. The large modulation depth, low switching threshold, and potentially ultrafast time response of antenna switches holds promise for applications ranging from integrated nanophotonic circuits to quantum information devices

Topics: QC
Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.soton.ac.uk:149743
Provided by: e-Prints Soton

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