Humans have always seen the world in color but only recently have we been able to generate vast quantities of color images with such ease. In the last three decades, we have seen a rapid and enormous transition from grayscale images to color ones. Today, we are exposed to color images on a daily basis in print, photographs, television, computer displays, and cinema movies, where color now plays a vital role in the advertising and dissemination of information throughout the world. Color monitors, printers, and copiers now dominate the office and home environments, with color becoming increasingly cheaper and easier to generate and reproduce. Color demands have soared in the marketplace and are projected to do so for years to come. With this rapid progression, color and multispectral properties of images are becoming increasingly crucial to the field of image processing, often extending and/or replacing previously known grayscale techniques. We have seen the birth of color algorithms that range from direct extensions of grayscale ones, where images are treated as three monochrome separations, to more sophisticated approaches that exploit the correlations among the color bands, yielding more accurate results. Hence, it is becoming increasingly necessary for the signal processing community to understand the fundamental difference
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