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MODELING WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT OPTIONS WITH A WATER EVALUATION AND PLANNING TOOL (WEAP) FOR

By Mohammad N. Almasri and Ibrahim Hindi

Abstract

Water supply is a critical issue in the Middle East, particularly in the West Bank and Gaza Strip (Palestine). Water resources are scarce due to the arid climate and the population growth while water resources management and development is complicated by the ongoing Israeli occupation. There is a critical lack of sanitation in the West Bank. Only 45 % of the Palestinian population is connected to a sewer network; the majority of households dispose of domestic sewage into unlined cesspits. There is currently only one operational wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) in the West Bank, so most of the sewage is directly discharged to the environment without treatment. Reuse of treated wastewater has great potential to alleviate this problem and improve crop yield. This paper presents a case study in the Wadi Nar Watershed (WNW) in the West Bank. The Water Evaluation and Planning Tool (WEAP) was used for mapping the management options related to wastewater reuse in WNW. Results show that WEAP is a sound management tool that can visualize the impact of key factors on the treated wastewater quantities and corresponding total area of wastewater reuse

Year: 2014
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.416.7296
Provided by: CiteSeerX
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