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Learning a Parallelepiped: Cryptanalysis of GGH and NTRU Signatures

By Phong Q. Nguyen and Oded Regev


Lattice-based signature schemes following the Goldreich-Goldwasser-Halevi (GGH) design have the unusual property that each signature leaks information on the signer’s secret key, but this does not necessarily imply that such schemes are insecure. At Eurocrypt ’03, Szydlo proposed a potential attack by showing that the leakage reduces the key-recovery problem to that of distinguishing integral quadratic forms. He proposed a heuristic method to solve the latter problem, but it was unclear whether his method could attack real-life parameters of GGH and NTRUSign. Here, we propose an alternative method to attack signature schemes à la GGH, by studying the following learning problem: given many random points uniformly distributed over an unknown n-dimensional parallelepiped, recover the parallelepiped or an approximation thereof. We transform this problem into a multivariate optimization problem that can be solved by a gradient descent. Our approach is very effective in practice: we present the first succesful key-recovery experiments on NTRUSign-251 without perturbation, as proposed in half of the parameter choices in NTRU standards under consideration by IEEE P1363.1. Experimentally, 90,000 signatures are sufficient to recover the NTRUSign-251 secret key. We are also able to recover the secret key in the signature analogue of all the GGH encryption challenges, using a number of signatures which is roughly quadratic in the lattice dimension

Year: 2014
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:
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