Abstract.—This paper highlights recent research on team cognition and discusses the benefits of concept mapping techniques used in representing shared levels of understanding among team members. Team cognition is comprised of several factors including shared understanding as measured by shared mental models (SMM). To represent team shared mental models more accurately we present a data analysis methodology that utilized individually constructed concept maps as the primary data source. This data is translated into an aggregate map (analysis constructed shared mental model—AC-SMM) that represents team understanding. AC-SMM maps can be compared over a period of time in order to understand the development of team cognition.