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Medical and sociodemographic risk factors for preterm birth in a French Caribbean population of African descent

By F. Rouget, J. Lebreton, P. Kadhel, C. Monfort, F. Bodeau-livinec and E. JankyL. Multigner, S. Cordier, F. Rouget, F. Rouget, P. Kadhel, C. Monfort, L. Multigner, S. Cordier, F. Rouget, J. Lebreton, P. Kadhel and E. JankyF. Bodeau-livinec and E. Janky


irrespective of their geographic location. The objective of this study was to assess the risk factors for preterm birth in a French Caribbean population of African descent, offered medical care comparable to that on the French mainland, but presenting a higher rate of preterm birth. The study was based on a birth cohort at maternity hospitals in Guadeloupe (French West Indies) including 911 singleton pregnancies enrolled during their third trimester check-up visits. Associations between risk factors and the risk of preterm delivery (spontaneous and induced) were assessed using a multivariate Cox model. In addition, prevalences of sociodemographic and medical factors in Guadeloupe were compared with those on the French mainland. 144 women (15.8 %) delivered preterm, medically induced in 52 %. Women delivering preterm were more often over 35 years old (37 %), single (54 %), and had higher prevalence of prior preterm birth (20 %), prior miscarriage (37 %), lupus (3 %), asthma (14 %), gestational hypertension (26 %), gestational diabetes (13 %) an

Year: 2013
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