At the time of our proposal, scholars had already demonstrated that minorities, especially African Americans had less access to cars, especially those with less education, so they were less likely to be able to travel to healthy resources. Giuliano (2001) had argued that the answer is either to promote private car ownership or to encourage “economic development policies to increase the supply of jobs, goods and services in low income neighborhoods. ” However, we have relatively little information on individual activities at a neighborhood scale since most descriptions of shopping and services are taken from large national surveys. Our study attempts to increase the understanding of the relationship of transportations modes to retail goods and services around nutrition and physical activity by using a sample from an African American church located in South Los Angeles. We followed travel patterns, checked health status, and examined food resources to triangulate the possible relationship of these factors. By getting individual data at a neighborhood scale about travel, shopping and health status, tying that to previous work done on the location and quality of food markets, and analyzing both in comparison to the existing literature
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