Measuring endorsement of the new ecological paradigm: a revised NEP scale

Abstract

Dunlap and Van Liere’s New Environmental Paradigm (NEP) Scale, published in 1978, has become a widely used measure of proenvironmental orientation. This article develops a revised NEP Scale designed to improve upon the original one in several respects: (1) It taps a wider range of facets of an ecological worldview, (2) It offers a balanced set of pro- and anti-NEP items, and (3) It avoids outmoded terminology. The new scale, termed the New Ecological Paradigm Scale, consists of 15 items. Results of a 1990 Washington State survey suggest that the items can be treated as an internally consistent summated rating scale and also indicate a modest growth in pro-NEP responses among Washington residents over the 14 years since the original study. When environmental issues achieved a prominent position on our nation’s policy agenda in the 1970s, the major problems receiving attention tended to be air *This is a revision of a paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Rural Sociological Society

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oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.397.3294Last time updated on 10/22/2014

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