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Cluster model of glass transition in simple liquids

By N. M. Chtchelkatchev, V. N. Ryzhov, T. I. Schelkacheva and E. E. Tareyeva

Abstract

On the basis of microscopic statistical mechanics of simple liquids the orientational interaction between clusters consisting of a particle and its nearest neighbors is estimated. It is shown that there are ranges of density and temperature where the interaction changes sign as a function of a radius of a cluster. The model of interacting cubic and icosahedral clusters is proposed and solved in mean-field replica symmetric approximation. It is shown that the glass order parameter grows smoothly upon cooling, the transition temperature being identified with the temperature of the replica symmetry breaking. It is shown that upon cooling a Lennard-Jones system, cubic clusters freeze first. The transition temperature for icosahedral clusters is about ten per cent lower. So the local structure of Lennard-Jones glass in the vicinity of glass transition should be most probably cubic.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figure

Topics: Condensed Matter - Disordered Systems and Neural Networks, Condensed Matter - Statistical Mechanics
Publisher: 'Elsevier BV'
Year: 2003
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.physleta.2004.07.005
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:cond-mat/0305073

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