As the decade of the 1990s begins, new challenges present themselves to the citizenry of the United States. Among the most important are concerns about the environment, economic productivity, and international competitiveness, and a rearrangement of standing strategic military relationships. Our future quality of life, economic prosperity, and security depend crucially on how we choose to meet these new challenges. The apparent failure of the communist economic system and the associated relaxation of Cold War tensions offer the potential for a significant reallocation of the nation’s resources from military to other uses. A crucial question then arises whether these resources should be channeled to the private sector, effecting overall government expenditure reduction, or kept within the public sector, thereby inducing an alteration in the composition of government spending. The first direction, expenditure reduction, certainly has merit to
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