Food transfers, reaching about 40 % of Peruvian households and providing about a quarter of household income to their beneficiaries, represent a central element in Peru’s strategy to fight extreme poverty. In this paper we analyse the effectiveness of these transfers in alleviating both non-monetary (i.e. nutritional) and monetary dimensions of poverty. After reviewing the main theoretical arguments discussed in the literature on the effectiveness of food transfers, as well as the salient characteristics of the Peruvian system, we proceed to our empirical analysis. When investigating the performance of transfers in reaching the most deprived in terms of income and nutrition, we find that the overall impact of the transfers is progressive in both cases, though not much of the benefit is captured by the poor. The circumstance that income is not a significant determinant of the amount received, and that less benefits are received in rural areas, are put forward as explanations for this finding. When considering the impact of food transfers on nutrition, we find that they increase household access to food, but that their impact on child malnutrition is not statistically different from the effect of other income sources. When considering the impact of the transfers on monetary poverty, we find that their direct impact is enhanced by the incentives they provide to increased work effort. Overall our results suggest that the pursuit of different poverty reduction objectives can result in mutually reinforcing outcomes, though much could be done to enhance the nutritional impact of food transfers in Peru
To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.