Homeostatic intrinsic plasticity (HIP) is a ubiquitous cellular mechanism regulating neuronal activity, cardinal for the proper functioning of nervous systems. In invertebrates, HIP is critical for orchestrating stereotyped activity patterns. The functional impact of HIP remains more obscure in vertebrate networks, where higher-order cognitive processes rely on complex neural dynamics. The hypothesis has emerged that HIP might control the complexity of activity dynamics in recurrent networks, with important computational consequences. However, conflicting results about the causal relationships between cellular HIP, network dynamics and computational performance have arisen from machine learning studies. Here, hal-00844218, version 1- 13 Jul 2013 we assess how cellular HIP effects translate into collective dynamics and computational properties in biological recurrent networks. We develop a realistic multi-scale model including a generic HIP rule regulating the neuronal threshold with actual molecular signaling pathways kinetics, Dale’s principle, sparse connectivity, synaptic balance and Hebbia
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