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Constrained tri-connected planar straight line graphs

By Marwan Al-jubeh, Gill Barequet, Mashhood Ishaque and et al. Diane L. Souvaine


It is known that for any set V of n ≥ 4 points in the plane, not in convex position, there is a 3-connected planar straight line graph G = (V, E) with at most 2n − 2 edges, and this bound is the best possible. We show that the upper bound |E | ≤ 2n continues to hold if G is constrained to contain a given graph G0 = (V, E0), which is either a 1-factor (i.e., disjoint line segments) or a 2-factor (i.e., a collection of simple polygons), but no edge in E0 is a proper diagonal of the convex hull of V. Since there are 1- and 2-factors with n vertices for which any 3-connected augmentation has at least 2n − 2 edges, our bound is are nearly tight in these cases. We also examine possible conditions under which this bound may be improved, such as when G0 is a collection of interior disjoint convex polygons in a triangular container

Year: 2010
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