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RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access The development of a web- and a print-based decision aid for prostate cancer screening

By Caroline S Dorfman, I M Williams, Elisabeth C Kassan, Sara N Red, David L Dawson, William Tuong, Elizabeth R Parker, Janet Ohene-frempong, Kimberly M Davis, Er H Krist, Steven H Woolf, Marc D Schwartz, Mary B Fishman, Carmella Cole and Kathryn L Taylor

Abstract

Background: Whether early detection and treatment of prostate cancer (PCa) will reduce disease-related mortality remains uncertain. As a result, tools are needed to facilitate informed decision making. While there have been several decision aids (DAs) developed and tested, very few have included an exercise to help men clarify their values and preferences about PCa screening. Further, only one DA has utilized an interactive web-based format, which allows for an expansion and customization of the material. We describe the development of two DAs, a booklet and an interactive website, each with a values clarification component and designed for use in diverse settings. Methods: We conducted two feasibility studies to assess men’s (45-70 years) Internet access and their willingness to use a web- vs. a print-based tool. The booklet was adapted from two previous versions evaluated in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and the website was created to closely match the content of the revised booklet. Usability testing was conducted to obtain feedback regarding draft versions of the materials. The tools were also reviewed by a plain language expert and the interdisciplinary research team. Feedback on the content and presentation led to iterative modifications of the tools. Results: The feasibility studies confirmed that the Internet was a viable medium, as the majority of men used a computer, had access to the Internet, and Internet use increased over time. Feedback from the usability testing o

Year: 2013
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.363.2212
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