This work addresses the problem of segmenting an object of interest out of a video. We show that video object segmentation can be naturally cast as a semi-supervised learning problem and be efficiently solved using harmonic functions. We propose an incremental self-training approach by iteratively labeling the least uncertain frame and updating similarity metrics. Our self-training video segmentation produces superior results both qualitatively and quantitatively. Moreover, usage of harmonic functions naturally supports interactive segmentation. We suggest active learning methods for providing guidance to user on what to annotate in order to improve labeling efficiency. We present experimental results using a ground truth data set and a quantitative comparison to a representative object segmentation system.
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