This paper describes an approach to the design of optimum QRS detectors. We report on detectors including a linear or non-linear polynomial filter, which enhances and rectifies the QRS complex, and a simple, adaptive maxima detector. The parameters of the filter and the detector, and the samples to be processed are selected by a genetic algorithm which minimizes the detection errors made on a set of reference ECG signals. Three different architectures and the experimental results achieved on the MIT-BIH Arrhythmia Database are described
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