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/ Does Latino Population Induce White Flight? Evidence from Los Angeles County

By  and Ying Pan and Ying Pan


Whether local minority population induces white flight to suburbs or private schools is a question of interest to many researchers. However, empirically identifying the causality is difficult due to residential sorting. Relying on a residential sorting model, I assume that people live in the same neighborhood are homogenous. I identify the effect of local Latino population on white flight by using the cohort-to-cohort change in the ethnic composition within each neighborhood, which is a credibly idiosyncratic variation. Using Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey, I find that for every 10 percentage points increase in the share of Latinos in a white child’s cohort and neighborhood, she is more likely to attend private school by 3 percentage points, or her household is more likely to move to a less Latino neighborhood in the next two years by 6-8 percentage points. Estimates imply that 88 % of decrease in public school enrollment rate in California during 1990-2000 can be explained by white flight from Latinos. I thank Vernon Henderson, Nathaniel Baum-Snow, Anna Aizer and Naci Mocan for all their insightfu

Year: 2010
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