Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Epistemic weakening with future and must: non veridicality, evidentiality, and partial knowledge

By Anastasia Giannakidou and Alda Mari


In this paper, we show that future morphemes in Greek and Italian have purely epistemic non-predictive readings, behaving as equivalent to English must. We call this use ‘epistemic future’. Epistemic future appears to have an evidential component: it cannot be used if the speaker knows, either via visual perception, or via a report, that the prejacent proposition p is true. This renders epistemic futures nonveridical, on a par with must (Giannakidou 1998, 1999, Giannakidou and Mari 2012a,b). The judgment with the future is epistemically weaker than an unmodalized assertion, and relies on partial knowledge supporting p. We show that partial knowledge is not indirect knowledge. Our analysis contrasts with von Fintel and Gillies 2010 who argue that must is ‘strong’, and further refines the classical ‘weak

Topics: modality has received a lot of attention in linguistic semantics, and both answers have
Year: 2013
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:
Provided by: CiteSeerX
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • (external link)
  • (external link)
  • Suggested articles

    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.