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UAV-Assisted Reactive Routing for Urban VANETs

By Omar Oubbati, Abderrahmane Lakas, Mesut Güneş, Fen Zhou and Mohamed Bachir Yagoubi

Abstract

International audienceVehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) are characterized by frequent path failures due to the high mobility caused by the sudden changes of vehicles direction. The routing paths between two different vehicles should be established with this challenge in mind. It must be stable and well connected in order to guarantee a reliable and safe delivery of packets. The aim of this work is to present a new reactive routing technique providing effective and well-regulated communication paths. These discovered paths are created based on a robust flooding discovery process involving UAVs (Un-manned Aerial Vehicles) to ensure the connectivity when the network is sparsely connected. The evaluation of this technique is performed using NS-2 simulator and its performances are compared with on-demand protocols dedicated for VANET. Simulation results show clearly that our approach gives interesting outcomes ensuring a high delivery ratio with a minimum delay. This hybrid communication between the vehicles and UAVs is attractive to initiate more smart connected nodes in the near future

Topics: Routing, Discovery phase, Urban Environment, Connectivity, UAVs, Traffic Density Estimation, VANETs, [INFO.INFO-NI]Computer Science [cs]/Networking and Internet Architecture [cs.NI]
Publisher: 'Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)'
Year: 2017
DOI identifier: 10.1145/3019612.3019904
OAI identifier: oai:HAL:hal-02314136v1

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