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North-Holland PHYSICA Effect of 3 He impurities on the nucleation of phase slips in superfluid 4He



The critical value of the dc current of superfluid 4He through a micro-aperture is found to decrease at low temperatures in the presence of 3He impurities. We measure the dependence of the critical current on the pressure difference across the micro-aperture. In the temperature region where the 3He affected decrease in the critical current is detected, we measure a large increase in critical current with pressure difference. The effect can be explained by the finite rate of arrival of ballistic 3He atoms to a nucleation site. The critical velocity increases at high pressure difference when the rate of phase slippage becomes comparable to the flux of 3He atoms. 1

Year: 2013
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