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Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being

By Richard M. Ryan and Edward L. Deci

Abstract

Human beings can be proactive and engaged or, alternatively, passive and alienated, largely as a function of the social conditions in which they develop and function. Accordingly, research guided by self-determination theo~ has focused on the social-contextual conditions that facilitate versus forestall the natural processes of self-motivation and healthy psychological development. Specifically, factors have been examined that enhance versus undermine intrinsic motivation, self-regulation, and well-being. The findings have led to the postulate of three innate psychological needs--competence, autonomy, and relatedness-which when satisfied yield enhanced self-motivation and mental health and when thwarted lead to diminished motivation and well-being. Also considered is the significance of these psychological needs and processes within domain

Year: 2000
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.322.5070
Provided by: CiteSeerX

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