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ARTICLES Protein Expression and Functional Analysis of the FHIT Gene in Human Tumor Cells

By Gregory A. Otterson, Guang-hui Xiao, Joseph Geradts, Fang Jin, Wei-dong Chen, Wieslawa Niklinska, Frederic J. Kaye and Raymond S. Yeung


Background: The fragile histidine triad (FHIT) gene at chromosome 3p14.2 has been proposed to be a candidate tumor suppressor gene in human cancers. To test whether FHIT exhibits the functional properties of a tumor suppressor gene, we studied the expression of its protein (pFHIT) in human carcinoma cells and examined the ability of FHIT to inhibit the neoplastic phenotype of cancer cells. Methods: Subcellular localization and patterns of protein expression in tumor cells were determined by immunohistochemical analysis and immunoblotting with the use of polyclonal antipFHIT antisera. In tumor cells with undetectable pFHIT, we examined the effect of recombinant pFHIT expression on morphology, growth rate, colony formation, and in vivo tumor formation. Results: We demonstrated that pFHIT is a cytoplasmic 17-kd polypeptide whose expression could no

Year: 2013
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