Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

A Measure of Closure

By James Elder, James Elder and Steven Zucker and Steven Zucker

Abstract

In images of real visual scenes, contours are often fragmented by occlusion, shadows and low reflectance contrast. In order to infer shape from contour, the human visual system must selectively integrate fragments projecting from a common object while keeping fragments from different objects separate. In a previous paper we showed that contour closure has a strong influence on the speed of this process. In this paper we employ a visual search method to evaluate potential measures for the perceptual closure of fragmented shapes. We show that while certain intuitive measures are psychophysically inconsistent, a measure based on the L 2 norm of the lengths of contour gaps is appropriate for both polygonal and smooth shapes in that response time can be expressed as a function of this measure. The L 2 norm is shown to emphasize large gaps relative to small, and to embody a principle of perceptual regularity. Our results also have implications for the shape of perceptually natural contour in..

Topics: contour, shape, closure, perceptual organization, interpolation, visual search. Acknowledgements
Year: 1994
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.32.7114
Provided by: CiteSeerX
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/v... (external link)
  • ftp://ftp.cim.mcgill.ca/pub/te... (external link)
  • Suggested articles


    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.