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Believable Communicating Agents - Siggraph `96 Course Notes

By Justine Cassell


pointing also commonly occurs at the beginning of new narrative episodes and scenes, where it is the dominant gesture. In this context, pointing may mark the establishment of a new focus space (Grosz & Sidner, 1986). In adult narrations of cartoon stories, about three-quarters of all clauses are accompanied by gestures of one kind or another; of these, about 40% are iconic, 40% are beats, and the remaining 10% are divided between deictic and metaphoric gestures. In narrating films, the proportions of metaphoric and deictic gestures increase at the expense of iconic gestures (statistics from McNeill & Levy, 1982; McNeill, 1992). It is natural to wonder whether this variety of gestures is found in all languages / cultural situations. As mentioned above, emblems do vary widely from language community to language community. The four gesture types just described, however, have been found in narrations in a variety of languages: Tagalog, Swahili, Soviet Georgian, Chinese, etc. Conduit gestur..

Year: 1996
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