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IMMUNOLOCALIZATION OF PROTON PUMPS (H +-ATPase) IN PAVEMENT CELLS OF RAINBOW TROUT GILL

By Gary V. Sullivan, James N. Fryer, Steve and F. Perry

Abstract

The expression of the V-type proton ATPase (H +-ATPase) was examined in the gill of the freshwater rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) using immunocytochemistry in concert with laser scanning confocal or electron microscopy. A synthetic peptide consisting of the carboxyterminal region of the 31 kDa subunit of the bovine renal H +-ATPase was used to generate an antiserum in rabbits, and its suitability for use in trout gill was confirmed by western blotting. Gill epithelial cells demonstrated specific immunoreactivity, the intensity of which was increased markedly after 18 h of exposure to hypercapnia (1 % CO2 in air). The increased intensity of H +-ATPase immunoreactivity was associated with elevated branchial net acid excretion. In the hypercapnic fish, the specific immunoreactivity was associated with both the apical Summary membrane and cytoplasm. Electron microscopy revealed that specific immunoreactivity was localized to the pavement cells and was particularly associated with the apical membrane and subapical cytoplasmic vesicles. The increased H +-ATPase immunoreactivity in the epithelial cells of hypercapnic fish and the increased intensity of the immunoreactive bands in western blots from hypercapnic fish demonstrate an ‘up-regulation ’ of this protein in response to respiratory acidosis. The results are discussed with reference to current models of acid–base and ion regulation in the gill of freshwater fish. Key words: Oncorhynchus mykiss, rainbow trout, H +-ATPase, pavement cell, laser scanning confocal microscopy, gill epithelium, immunocytochemistry

Year: 1995
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.319.3317
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