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Topic 1. Structural Patterns of Health Inequalities Do Daily Stress Processes Account for Socioeconomic Health Disparities?

By David M. Almeida, Shevaun D. Neupert, Sean R. Banks and Joyce Serido

Abstract

Objectives. The present study examined the extent to which daily stressor severity and appraisals of the stressors accounted for socioeconomic disparities in health. Methods. Data from the National Study of Daily Experiences and the Midlife in the United States Survey were combined for the current analyses, resulting in 1,031 respondents who reported on 7,229 days. Results. Respondents without a high school degree experienced more severe stressors and appraised stressors as posing greater risk to their financial situation and to their self-concept than respondents with a high school or college degree. Differences in severity and stressor appraisal accounted for education differences in psychological distress and physical health symptoms. Discussion. Findings suggest the importance of considering variation across stressors, particularly implications for self-concept, in understanding sources of differential stressor vulnerability. EXPOSURE and vulnerability to stressors are perhaps the most common explanations for socioeconomic disparities in physical and mental health (e.g., House & Williams, 2000; Kessler, 1979; Pearlin, 1989). Individuals in lower socioeconomic groups are more likely to experience both acute an

Year: 2013
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.319.1778
Provided by: CiteSeerX
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