Oncostatin M (OSM), a member of the IL-6 superfamily of cytokines, is elevated in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and, in synergy with IL-1, promotes cartilage degeneration by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). We have previously shown that OSM induces MMP and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-3 (TIMP-3) gene expression in chondrocytes by protein tyrosine kinasedependent mechanisms. In the present study, we investigated signaling pathways regulating the induction of MMP and TIMP-3 genes by OSM. We demonstrate that OSM rapidly stimulated phosphorylation of Janus kinase (JAK) 1, JAK2, JAK3, and STAT1 as well as extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2, p38, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1/2 mitogen-activated protein kinases in primary bovine and human chondrocytes. A JAK3-specific inhibitor blocked OSM-stimulated STAT1 tyrosine phosphorylation, DNA-binding activity of STAT1 as well as collagenase-1 (MMP-1), stromelysin-1 (MMP-3), collagenase-3 (MMP-13), and TIMP-3 RNA expression. In contrast, a JAK2-specific inhibitor, AG490, had no impact on these events. OSM-induced ERK1/2 activation was also not affected by these inhibitors. Similarly, curcumin (diferuloylmethane), an anti-inflammatory agent, suppressed OSMstimulated STAT1 phosphorylation, DNA-binding activity of STAT1, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase activation without affecting JAK1, JAK2, JAK3, ERK1/2, and p38 phosphorylation. Curcumin also inhibited OSM-induced MMP-1, MMP-3, MMP-13, and TIMP-3 gene expression. Thus, OSM induces MMP and TIMP-3 genes in chondrocytes by activating JAK/STAT and mitogenactivated protein kinase signaling cascades, and interference with these pathways may be a useful approach to block the catabolic actions of OSM. The Journal of Immunology, 2001, 166: 3491–3498
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