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Why there are no elliptical galaxies more flattened than E7. Thirty years later

By R. Caimmi

Abstract

Elliptical galaxies are modelled as homeoidally striated Jacobi ellipsoids (Caimmi & Marmo 2005) where the peculiar velocity distribution is anisotropic, or equivalently as their adjoints configurations i.e. classical Jacobi ellipsoids of equal mass and axes, in real or imaginary rotation (Caimmi 2006). Reasons for the coincidence of bifurcation points from axisymmetric to triaxial configurations in both the sequences (Caimmi 2006), contrary to earlier findings (Wiegandt 1982a,b; Caimmi & Marmo 2005) are presented and discussed. The effect of centrifugal support at the ends of the major equatorial axis, is briefly outlined. The existence of a lower limit to the flattening of elliptical galaxies is investigated in dealing with a number of limiting situations. More specifically, (i) elliptical galaxies are considered as isolated systems, and an allowed region within Ellipsoidland (Hunter & de Zeeuw 1997), related to the occurrence of bifurcation points from ellipsoidal to pear-shaped configurations, is shown to be consistent with observations; (ii) elliptical galaxies are considered as embedded within dark matter haloes and, under reasonable assumptions, it i

Topics: In th
Year: 2008
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.316.9555
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