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PERSONALITY PROCESSES AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES Liberals and Conservatives Rely on Different Sets of Moral Foundations

By Jesse Graham, Jonathan Haidt, Brian A. Nosek, Jesse Graham, Jonathan Haidt, Brian A. Nosek and Department Of

Abstract

respect, and Purity/sanctity. Across 4 studies using multiple methods, liberals consistently showed greater endorsement and use of the Harm/care and Fairness/reciprocity foundations compared to the other 3 foundations, whereas conservatives endorsed and used the 5 foundations more equally. This difference was observed in abstract assessments of the moral relevance of foundation-related concerns such as violence or loyalty (Study 1), moral judgments of statements and scenarios (Study 2), “sacredness” reactions to taboo trade-offs (Study 3), and use of foundation-related words in the moral texts of religious sermons (Study 4). These findings help to illuminate the nature and intractability of moral disagreements in the American “culture war.

Topics: morality, ideology, liberal
Year: 2013
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.316.1024
Provided by: CiteSeerX
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