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The Thermal Abundance of Semi–Relativistic Relics

By Manuel Drees, Mitsuru Kakizaki and Suchita Kulkarni


Approximate analytical solutions of the Boltzmann equation for particles that are either extremely relativistic or non–relativistic when they decouple from the thermal bath are well established. However, no analytical formula for the relic density of particles that are semi–relativistic at decoupling is yet known. We propose a new ansatz for the thermal average of the annihilation cross sections for such particles, and find a semi–analytical treatment for calculating their relic densities. As examples, we consider Majorana – and Dirac– type neutrinos. We show that such semi–relativistic relics cannot be good cold Dark Matter candidates. However, late decays of meta–stable semi–relativistic relics might have released a large amount of entropy, thereby diluting the density of other, unwanted relics

Year: 2009
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