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Reconstruction and Clustering in Random Constraint Satisfaction Problems

By Andrea Montanari, Ricardo Restrepo and Prasad Tetali


Random instances of Constraint Satisfaction Problems (CSP’s) appear to be hard for all known algorithms, when the number of constraints per variable lies in a certain interval. Contributing to the general understanding of the structure of the solution space of a CSP in the satisfiable regime, we formulate a set of natural technical conditions on a large family of (random) CSP’s, and prove bounds on three most interesting thresholds for the density of such an ensemble: namely, the satisfiability threshold, the threshold for clustering of the solution space, and the threshold for an appropriate reconstruction problem on the CSP’s. The bounds become asymptoticlally tight as the number of degrees of freedom in each clause diverges. The families are general enough to include commonly studied problems such as, random instances of Not-All-Equal-SAT, k-XOR formulae, hypergraph 2-coloring, and graph k-coloring. An important new ingredient is a condition involving the Fourier expansion of clauses, which characterizes the class of problems with a similar threshold structure

Year: 2009
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