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Strange Quark Contribution to the Vector and Axial Form Factors of the Nucleon

By Stephen F. Pate, David W. Mckee, Vassili Papavassiliou and I. Historical Motivation

Abstract

The strange quark contribution to the vector and axial form factors of the nucleon has been determined for momentum transfers in the range 0.45 < Q 2 < 1.0 GeV 2. The results are obtained via a combined analysis of forward-scattering, parity-violating elastic ep asymmetry data from the G0 and HAPPEx experiments at Jefferson Lab, and elastic νp and ¯νp scattering data from Experiment 734 at Brookhaven National Laboratory. The parity-violating asymmetries measured in elastic ep scattering at forward angles establish a relationship between the strange vector form factors Gs E and GsM, with little sensitivity to the strange axial form factor GsA. On the other hand, elastic neutrino scattering at low Q 2 is dominated by the axial form factor, with some significant sensitivity to the vector form factors as well. Combination of the two data sets allows the simultaneous extraction of G s E, Gs M, and Gs A over a significant range of Q2 for the very first time. The Q 2-dependence of the strange axial form factor suggests that the strange quark contribution to the proton spin, ∆s, is negative. PACS numbers: 13.40.Gp,14.20.D

Year: 2013
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.313.354
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