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Bose-Einstein condensates

By Wenhua Hai and Guishu Chong


We explore how to control the dynamical instability of a quasi-one dimensional (1D) stationary state Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) consisting of fixed N atoms with arbitrary time-independent external potential and atomic scattering length. The dependence of the perturbed solutions on the velocity field, external potential, condensed atom number, and the initial perturbations is demonstrated analytically, that shows the stability, instability and undetermined stability of the system. Some sufficient conditions on the stability and controlling criteria to the instability are established. We take a BEC held in an optical lattice potential as an example establishing the stability regions on parameter space and illustrating the scheme for controlling instability. The results contain the known stability assertions for the lattice potential case and agree with the recent experimental findings qualitatively

Topics: Lyapunov stability, control, instability, Bose-Einstein condensate, lattice potential
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