The comparative tumorigenicity in rats and nude mice of cell lines derived from FR3T3 and transformed by either c-jun, ras, SV40 lt, or bovine papilloma virus type 1(BPV1) oncogenes was investigated. c-Juntransformed cells were as tumorigenic and metastatic as Ras-transformed cells. Latencies were short, and numerous pulmonary metastases were observed in all injected animals. In contrast, tumors induced by s.c. injection of SV40-transformed cells developed slower, and none of the animals who received injections i.v. presented with metastases. BPV1-transformed cells had an intermediate tumorigenic and metastatic activity. Microvessels present in the different tumors were revealed by immunostaining with Griffonia (Bandeiraea) Simplicifolia lectin 1. Tumors obtained with c-Jun-transformed cells exhibited more neovascularization than those induced by the other oncogenes. By comparison to FR3T3 cells or SV40- or BPV1-transformed cells, c-Jun-transformed fibroblasts repress the antiangiogenic thrombospondin-1 and SPARC genes, whereas we found that they express higher levels of gene expression of the angiogenic vascular endothelial growth factor. Finally, as compared with cells before passage in animals, thrombospondin-1, SPARC, and VEGF gene expression was also deregulated in cell lines isolated from primary tumors induced by BPV1-transformants. Our results indicate that the high transforming potential of c-Jun, evidenced as soon as transformation is established in Received 11/23/98; accepted 1/13/99. The costs of publication of this article were defrayed in part by the payment of page charges. This article must therefore be hereby marked advertisement in accordance with 18 U.S.C. Section 1734 solely to indicate this fact
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