Owing to the structure of the Gaussian multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) broadcast channel (BC), associated optimization problems such as capacity region computation and beamforming optimization are typically non-convex, and cannot be solved directly. One feasible approach to these problems is to transform them into their dual multiple access channel (MAC) problems, which are easier to deal with due to their convexity properties. The conventional BC-MAC duality is established via BC-MAC signal transformation, and has been successfully applied to solve beamforming optimization, signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) balancing, and capacity region computation. However, this conventional duality approach is applicable only to the case, in which the base station (BS) of the BC is subject to a single sum power constraint. An alternative approach is minimax duality, established by Yu in the framework of Lagrange duality, which can be applied to solve the per-antenna power constraint problem. This paper extends the conventional BC-MAC duality to the general linear constraint case, and thereby establishes a general BC-MAC duality. This new duality is applied t
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