Addiction (EMCDDA) estimates that there may be currently between 750,000 and 1,000,000 active injecting drug users (IDUs) in the European Union (EU). Indirect indicators such as data from drug treatment entrants suggest that the trend in injecting is stable or declining. Data from studies among IDUs, however, suggest that recent recruitment into drug injecting continues in several countries. Injecting drug use is strongly associated with severe health problems in drug users, including both blood-borne infections (e.g. HIV/AIDS, viral hepatitis) and overdose. These results are presented in the report on trends in injecting drug use in Europe recently published by the (EMCCDA) . According to this report, injecting drug use in Europe is mostly linked to opioid use, but now less than hal
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