is a gram-negative bacterium found only in humans and is a major cause of serious invasive diseases. Before 2006, in the People’s Republic of China, all meningococcal diseases were caused by serogroups A, B, and C. However, there are>13 serogroups of this organism. Three cases of infection with N. meningitidis serogroup W135 were reported in China during 2006–2008. We describe these 3 meningitis patients and the N. meningitidis serogroup W135 strains isolated from these patients by genotyping methods. Patient 1, a 36-year-old man, was seen at a local hospital in Fujia
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