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1 Lessons from the Kibbutz as a Real Utopia

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Abstract

For many decades the kibbutzim in Israel aspired to embody principles of a Utopian community: members live in such community out of their free will with knowledge of other life options and the possibility to leave whenever they wish; all members of that community satisfy in a sustainable way (for the present, the near future, and for the distant future) all their needs; they maximize the expression of their human potential and live in a community of equality among the members according to their unique human needs and potentials, in solidarity, in collaboration and fraternity, and in cooperation; and the community actively uses its resources in spreading these values and characteristics into the larger society. However, starting at the end of the 80’s, the kibbutzim experienced a deep economic and ideological crisis. Two major outcomes of that crisis signaled the beginning of the demise of the kibbutz phenomenon: (1) a large wave of emigration – leaving kibbutzim for other ways of life – by members, particularly the young; and, (2) abandonment by most kibbutzim (and their members – thos

Year: 2013
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