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Line and Mean Opacities for Ultracool Dwarfs and Extrasolar Planets

By Richard S. Freedman, Mark S. Marley and Katharina Lodders

Abstract

Opacities and chemical abundance data are crucial ingredients of ultracool dwarf and extrasolar giant planet atmosphere models. We report here on the detailed sources of molecular opacity data employed by our group for this application. We also present tables of Rosseland and Planck mean opacities which are of use in some studies of the atmospheres, interiors, and evolution of planets and brown dwarfs. For the tables presented here we have included the opacities of important atomic and molecular species, including the alkali elements, pressure induced absorption by hydrogen, and other significant opacity sources but neglect opacity from condensates. We report for each species how we have assembled molecular line data from a combination of public databases, laboratory data that is not yet in the public databases, and our own numerical calculations. We combine these opacities with abundances computed from a chemical equilibrium model using recently revised solar abundances to compute mean opacities. The chemical equilibrium calculation accounts for the settling of condensates in a gravitational field, and is applicable to ultracool dwarf and extrasolar planetary atmospheres, but not circumstellar disks. We find that the inclusion of alkali

Year: 2008
DOI identifier: 10.1086/521793
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.250.2728
Provided by: CiteSeerX
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