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Entanglement of N distinguishable particles

By Tomasz Bigaj


In their 2002 article, Ghirardi, Marinatto and Weber have proposed a formal analysis of the entanglement properties for a system consisting of N distinguishable particles. Their analysis leads to the differentiation of three possible situations that can arise in such systems: complete entanglement, complete non-entanglement, and the remaining cases. I argue that this categorization leaves out one important possibility in which a system is completely entangled, and yet some of its subsystems are mutually non-entangled. As an example I present and discuss a state of a three-particle system which cannot be decomposed into two non-entangled systems, and yet particle number one is not entangled with particle number three. Consequently, I introduce a new notion of utter entanglement, and I argue that some systems may be completely but not utterly entangled.Comment: 9 page

Topics: Quantum Physics
Year: 2011
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