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Irreversibility to Reversibility Crossover in Transient Response of an Optically Trapped Particle

By Manas Khan and A. K. Sood


We study the transient response of a colloidal bead which is released from different heights and allowed to relax in the potential well of an optical trap. Depending on the initial potential energy, the system's time evolution shows dramatically different behaviors. Starting from the short-time reversible to long-time irreversible transition, a stationary reversible state with zero net dissipation can be achieved as the release point energy is decreased. If the system starts with even lower energy, it progressively extracts useful work from thermal noise and exhibits an anomalous irreversibility. In addition, we have verified the Transient Fluctuation Theorem and the Integrated Transient Fluctuation Theorem even for the non-ergodic descriptions of our system.Comment: 6 pages, 4 figure

Topics: Condensed Matter - Soft Condensed Matter, Condensed Matter - Statistical Mechanics
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1209/0295-5075/94/60003
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