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Four-contact impedance spectroscopy of conductive liquid samples

By Damjan Pelc, Sanjin Marion and Mario Basletic


We present an improved approach to the impedance spectroscopy of conductive liquid samples using four-electrode measurements. Our method enables impedance measurements of conductive liquids down to the sub-Hertz frequencies, avoiding the electrode polarization effects that usually cripple standard impedance analysers. We have successfully tested our apparatus with aqueous solutions of potassium chloride and gelatin. The first substance has shown flat spectra from $\sim$100 kHz down to sub-Hz range, while the results on gelatin clearly show the existence of two distinct low frequency conductive relaxations.Comment: 5 pages, 6 figure

Topics: Condensed Matter - Soft Condensed Matter, Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1063/1.3609867
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