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New Models for UO2 Fuel Structure Evolution under Irradiation in Fast Reactors

By Mikhail S. Veshchunov


On the base of analysis of experimental observations and critical assessment of existing models for oxide fuel structure evolution under operation conditions of fast reactors, new models for fuel restructuring and coring are proposed. The restructuring model describes coherent motion in the temperature gradient of various voids (gas bubbles, sintering pores and large lenticular pores) and grain boundaries, to which the voids are attached. As a result, the model explains elongation of thermally growing equiaxed grains and formation of columnar grains, and predicts a rapid formation of extended columnar grain zone during a relatively short initial period of fast reactor irradiation. The coring model describes formation and growth of the central void in the fuel pellet, activated by mass transport from the inner to the outer zone of the pellet under stresses induced by inhomogeneous fuel densification in the initial period of irradiation.Comment: 17 pages, 7 Figure

Topics: Condensed Matter - Materials Science
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2011.05.046
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