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Viral processes by random walks on random regular graphs

By Mohammed Abdullah, Colin Cooper and Moez Draief


We study the SIR epidemic model with infections carried by $k$ particles making independent random walks on a random regular graph. Here we assume $k\leq n^{\epsilon}$, where $n$ is the number of vertices in the random graph, and $\epsilon$ is some sufficiently small constant. We give an edge-weighted graph reduction of the dynamics of the process that allows us to apply standard results of Erd\H{o}s-R\'{e}nyi random graphs on the particle set. In particular, we show how the parameters of the model give two thresholds: In the subcritical regime, $O(\ln k)$ particles are infected. In the supercritical regime, for a constant $\beta\in(0,1)$ determined by the parameters of the model, $\beta k$ get infected with probability $\beta$, and $O(\ln k)$ get infected with probability $(1-\beta)$. Finally, there is a regime in which all $k$ particles are infected. Furthermore, the edge weights give information about when a particle becomes infected. We exploit this to give a completion time of the process for the SI case.Comment: Published in at the Annals of Applied Probability ( by the Institute of Mathematical Statistics (

Topics: Mathematics - Probability
Year: 2015
DOI identifier: 10.1214/13-AAP1000
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